A cash disbursement is the outflow of cash paid in exchange for the provision of goods or services. A cash disbursement can also be made to refund a customer, which is recorded as a reduction of sales. Yet another type of cash disbursement is a dividend payment, which is recorded as a reduction in corporate equity.
A cash disbursement can be made with bills or coins, a check, or an electronic funds transfer. If a payment is made with a check, there is typically a delay of a few days before the funds are withdrawn from the company's checking account, due to the impact of mail float and processing float.
The cash disbursement process can be outsourced to a company's bank, which issues payments as of the dates authorized by the paying entity, using the funds in the entity's checking account.