Business transaction

A business transaction is an economic event with a third party that is recorded in an organization's accounting system. Such a transaction must be measurable in money. Examples of business transactions are:

High-volume business transactions may be recorded in a special journal, such as the purchases journal or sales journal. Once business transactions are entered into these journals, they are periodically aggregated and posted to the general ledger. Lower-volume transactions are posted directly to the general ledger. These transactions are eventually summarized into the firm's financial statements.

A business transaction should always be supported by a source document. For example, the purchase of inventory from a supplier could be supported by a purchase order, while the payment of wages to an employee could be supported by a timesheet.

Some events are not considered business transactions, such as giving a reporter a tour of company facilities, since there is no tangible value associated with the event.