Is equipment a current asset?

Equipment is not considered a current asset. Instead, it is classified as a long-term asset. The reason for this classification is that equipment is designated as part of the fixed assets category in the balance sheet, and this category is a long-term asset; that is, the usage period for a fixed asset extends for more than one year.

This classification of equipment extends to all types of equipment, including office equipment and production machinery.

Equipment is not considered a current asset even when its cost falls below the capitalization threshold of a business. In this case, the equipment is simply charged to expense in the period incurred, so it never appears in the balance sheet at all - instead, it only appears in the income statement.

When equipment in the fixed asset category is expected to be sold off or otherwise disposed of within one year, its book value is still classified as a long-term asset; even in this situation, it is still not classified as a current asset.

If a business routinely engages in the purchase and sale of equipment, these items are instead classified as inventory, which is a current asset. For example, a distributor of copiers may maintain a large number of copiers, all of which are classified as inventory.