Accounting records are the original source documents, journal entries, and ledgers that describe the accounting transactions of a business. Accounting records support the production of financial statements. They are to be retained for a number of years, so that outside entities can inspect them and verify that the financial statements derived from them are correct. Auditors and taxing authorities are the entities most likely to inspect accounting records.
Examples of accounting records are the general ledger, all subsidiary ledgers, invoices, bank statements, cash receipts, and checks.