Appellation is a legally protected geographic name under which a winery is authorized to identify and market its wine. The appellation typically appears on the front label of a wine bottle. In order to use the name in its marketing materials, a winery may have to meet the following requirements:

  • Its grapes are grown within a specific geographic region
  • Only certain grape varieties can be used
  • The wine has a minimum alcoholic content
  • The vineyard does not exceed a specified grape yield per acre

Some appellations cover relatively broad regions, while others are very tightly defined, sometimes encompassing an area in which there is only one operating winery.

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Accounting for Vineyards and Wineries