Absenteeism is a pattern of absence from work. It does not include any situations in which a person’s absence is expected, such as an excused absence for jury duty. An excessive level of absenteeism can be quite expensive for an employer, since replacement workers (who are likely less efficient) must be brought in on short notice.
Continual absenteeism is a sign of poor morale, harassment, a difficult workplace environment, safety issues, and other concerns. Attending to these issues can reduce the absenteeism rate, but in some cases the employer may terminate the employment of someone who is continually absent from work.