The account form refers to a two-column format for the presentation of the balance sheet. In this format, assets are listed in the first column, while liabilities and equity accounts are listed in the second column. This layout matches the accounting equation, where the asset total equals the total of all liabilities and equity. These totals appear at the bottom of the first and second columns, making it easier to verify that the totals match.
The other type of format for the balance sheet is the report format, where all account descriptions appear in the first column, beginning with assets and ending with equity; line item totals appear in the second column.