Property, plant, and equipment (PP&E) is tangible items that are expected to be used in more than one period and that are used in production, for rental, or for administration. This can include items acquired for safety or environmental reasons. In certain asset-intensive industries, PP&E is the largest class of assets.
PP&E items are commonly grouped into classes, which are groups of assets having a similar nature and use. Examples of PP&E classes are buildings, furniture and fixtures, land, machinery, and motor vehicles. Items grouped within a class are typically depreciated using a common depreciation calculation.
When recording an item within PP&E, include in its cost the purchase price of the asset and related taxes, as well as any related construction costs, import duties, freight and handling, site preparation, and installation.