An organization chart is a visual display of the chain of command within an organization. The chart shows the highest leadership position at the top, and then works through the corporate hierarchy from that point downward. Each position, department, or functional area is depicted as a box. Lines linking the boxes show the flow of authority from one box to another. This chart is useful for showing outsiders or new hires how a business is organized.
An organization chart can be used to depict the structure of an entire business. It can also be more narrowly focused, showing the structure for just a single department or function.
An organization chart depicts only the manner in which an entity has been formally organized. The informal chain of command may be quite different, with certain people low on the chart actually exercising a considerable amount of authority, and vice versa.
An organization chart is also known as an organizational chart or org chart.