A lump-sum purchase occurs when several assets are acquired for a single price. Each of the assets must be recorded separately as a fixed asset in the accounting records; to do so, the purchase price is allocated among the various acquired assets based on their fair market values. This situation most commonly arises when property is purchased and the purchase price includes both land and structures.
For example, a buyer acquires property for $1,000,000. The property includes land with a market value of $250,000 and a building with a market value of $800,000. The apportionment of the lump-sum purchase price to these assets is calculated as follows:
- Land: (($250,000/($250,000+$800,000)) x $1,000,000 = $238,095
- Building: (($800,000/$250,000+$800,000) x $1,000,000 = $761,905